Archaeologists believe they may have discovered two missing chapters of the Analects of Confucius – one of the most important works of Confucianism – that were lost during a time of warfare about 1,800 years ago.
The Analects is a collection of sayings and ideas of the ancient philosopher Confucius, written and compiled by his followers.
There are believed to have been several versions, with the one widely in use today, featuring 20 chapters, compiled by a scholar during the Western Han dynasty (206 BC-AD 24).
Another version of the Analects, passed on by scholars from the Qi State, is thought to have been lost during the Warring States Period – a time before the unification of China at the start of the Qin dynasty (221-201BC) – when books were burned and Confucian scholars were buried alive.
The Qi version was believed to have two extra chapters: “Asking the emperor” and “Knowing the way”.
Archaeologists …